The Wage Gap For Latina Workers Is Still 54 Cents That’S Troubling.
Employment among immigrant workers has decreased more sharply than among U.S.-born workers in the COVID-19 recession, a 19% drop compared with 12%. In the Great Recession, immigrants lost jobs at a slightly slower pace than U.S.-born workers. Hispanic women have experienced a steeper decline in employment (‑21%) in the COVID-19 downturn than other women or men.
Researchers analyzed 1,293 women who gave birth between April and June at Pennsylvania Hospital and the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, which combined represent 50 percent of live births during that time in Philadelphia. The research team’s serological test utilized a SARS-CoV-2 spike protein receptor binding domain antigen and a modified ELISA protocol. Researchers used samples stored at the Penn Medicine Biobank collected from 834 people prior to the pandemic and 31 people who recovered from known Covid-19 infections to test the efficacy of their antibody test. The researchers also tested samples from 140 pregnant women collected before the pandemic. Based on these data, the overall false positive rate is ~1.0 percent in the serological assay used for this study.
Error bars indicate 95% CIs calculated as the estimate plus or minus the product of 1.96 and the estimate’s SE. From , Hispanic children were 1.8 times more likely to be obese as compared to non-Hispanic white children.
Latinx people have become the largest minority group in the United States, making up about 17 percent of the population1. The heterogeneity of people who are Hispanic and Latinos, who are comprised of a variety of ethnic backgrounds such as Native American, African and Spanish, makes identifying mental health needs a challenging but rewarding ordeal. The National Alliance on Mental Health reported that one in five Latinx people suffer from mental illness, making culturally competent outreach and treatment an urgent issue2. Delays in treatment or inadequate treatment could be due to language barriers, healthcare access, and cost, or to a bias on the part of the healthcare team. It is also possible that some Hispanic/Latina women might not seek care after being diagnosed with breast cancer.
Reasons For Latina Migration
Depressed labor force participation and work hours bring down earnings for individual Hispanic women workers and may also contribute to a more precarious and anti-competitive https://halmstadmoderaterna.se/lies-you-have-been-told-about-latina-girl/ labor market for all workers. Age and family structure play important roles in women’s labor force participation, as well as employment opportunities.
Likewise, many Latina women identified their primary reason for immigration was to reunite with family already in the United States. Likewise, the early waves of the Cuban migration were primarily families. After they Bay of Pigs failure, many middle class Cuban families sought escape from the newly communist Cuba in the United States. Thus, many Cuban women found themselves in the United States as a result of their family.
In Los Angeles, LIFT serves mostly Latino families, 50 percent of whom do not have a legal right to work and nearly 50 percent of whom are monolingual-Spanish-speaking. About half of the LIFT families in New York City are English-language learners. About 90 percent of LIFT parents are female and nearly all are women of color; most have a high school education or less. They work when their home and family responsibilities allow, mostly in retail, hospitality, child care, home health care, and the gig economy and in jobs that generally offer low pay and changing and uncertain hours. Most of these jobs don’t come with paid sick leave or health insurance and can’t be done remotely; some are deemed essential, so these workers are at higher risk of exposure to COVID-19.
There are various Latina women involved in organizations and programs that aim to aid Latina women affected/victimized by human trafficking or domestic abuse. Some of these influential women include Maria Jose Fletcher, Laura Zarate, Rosie Hidalgo, Olga Trujillo, Susan Reyna.
Another theory is that women are choosing to forgo careers in STEM to attain better work-family balance—rather than being pushed out by bias. Several new studies add to the growing body of evidence that documents the role of gender bias in driving women out of science careers. A 2014 study found that both men and women were twice as likely to hire a man for a job that required math. LATINA Style Magazine is the most influential publication reaching the contemporary Hispanic woman. LATINA Style broke new ground in 1994 by launching the first national magazine dedicated to the needs and concerns of the contemporary Latina professional working woman and the Latina business owner in the United States.
- Census Bureau, it is not possible to distinguish between Hispanic women and Latinas in the dataset we used for our regression analysis.
- However, they end up completely ignoring their own health in the process, and these acts of selflessness can become deadly.
- As Brazil and Spain are not disaggregated as Hispanic origin options in the Current Population Survey conducted by the U.S.
- The media’s hypersexualization of Latina women has associated their accents with being sexy, which hypersexualizes an entire language.
- A language is a method of communication, not a way to fulfill white desires.
In 2018, Hispanic Americans were 1.2 times more likely to be obese than non-Hispanic whites. For the past three plus years, I’ve studied how idividuals successfully pivot in their careers. I founded Ready2Roar as a platform to develop leadership workshops for corporations and online classes for individuals. I’m a Doctor of Education in Organizational Leadership and host of Embrace the Pivot & Ummm, No!
In addition, funds for housing assistance would help families and individuals with high housing burdens avoid evictions, and a 15 percent increase in the monthly SNAP benefit would reduce food insecurity, especially among households with the most limited incomes. Continued expansions of unemployment insurance would help families to afford the basics until they are able to return to work.
The experience of workers 55 and older in the COVID-19 recession is the opposite of their experience during the Great Recession, when their employment increased 4% from 2007 to 2009. One factor in the increase in employment among older workers in the Great Recession was their rising labor force participation prior to the recession, from 30% in 1995 to 40% in 2009, adding to their numbers in the workforce even amid a recession. The employment of young adult workers ages 16 to 24 has been severely impacted by the COVID-19 downturn, with one-quarter of them losing their jobs from February to May. A key contributing factor is that nearly half of young adult workers (48%) were employed in higher-risk industries in February, compared with 24% of workers overall. Job losses for older workers were also sizable, ranging from 9% to 13%, but less severe than for young adults.
Oftentimes, it is threats of deportation that influence Latina women to keep silent about their situation. While the primary reason for immigration into the United States for Latinas is economic improvement, the betterment of family life remains an important factor.
Black and Latina women have long faced high rates of poverty, unemployment, poor health conditions, and material hardship, due largely to institutional racism and sexism, and the current health and economic crises have exacerbated these conditions. On top of the stress from trying to put enough food on the table and pay the rent and utility bills, many now live in fear of contracting the coronavirus and must take on greater responsibility for educating their children. Black and Latino people are about three times as likely as white people to contract COVID-19.
A randomized clinical trial of an HIV-risk-reduction intervention among low-income Latina women. Zuniga de Nuncio ML, Nader PR, Sawyer MH, De Guire M, Prislin R, Elder JP. A prenatal intervention study to improve timeliness of immunization initiation in Latino infants. Lorig KR, Ritter PL, Jacquez A. Outcomes of border health Spanish/English chronic disease self-management programs. Nicolaidis C, Curry M, McFarland B, Gerrity M. Violence, mental health, and physical symptoms in an academic internal medicine practice. Coker AL, Smith PH, Bethea L, King MR, McKeown RE. Physical health consequences of physical and psychological intimate partner violence.
Maria Regan Gonzalez became the first mayor of color in Richfield and the first Latina mayor in the state. Gonzalez grew up with two cultures with her native-Minnesotan father and mother who immigrated from Mexico. She has been working on her master’s degree in public health, while at the same time working full time at Blue Cross Blue Shield of Minnesota. Luz María Frías is an attorney who is known for her advocacy around issues of race and gender equity. Currently, she is one of the cohosts of MPR’s podcast Counter Storiesand in July 2020, Luz was appointed Deputy Attorney General of the state of Minnesota.
These expansions are particularly important for low-paid workers who often are ineligible for standard unemployment benefits and receive low benefits when they do qualify. The next package needs to continue both eligibility expansions and benefit improvements and needs to provide access to additional weeks of jobless benefits. More than 50 years after the passage of the Equal Pay Act of 1963, Latina’s typically earn only 54 cents for every dollar earned by white, non-Hispanic men and must work nearly 23 months to earn what white men earn in 12 months. Latina Equal Pay Day — the day when Latina pay catches up to that of white, non-Hispanic men from the previous year — is being observed likely in November of 2020. Rossina Gallegos facilitates and manages the charitable contribution and the Foundation grant making for Los Angeles and Orange County.
Trackback from your site.